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This book covers the construction materials content for undergraduate courses in Civil Engineering and related subjects, and will also be a valuable reference for professionals working in the construction industry. The topics are relevant to all the different stages of a course, starting with basic properties of materials and leading to more complex areas, such as the




theory of concrete durability, and corrosion of steel. The first 16 chapters cover the basic properties of materials, and how they are measured. These range from basic concepts of strength to more complex topics, such as diffusion and adsorption. The following 13 chapters cover cementitious materials. The production and use of reinforced concrete, as well as its durability, are considered in detail because this is the most ubiquitous material that is used in construction, and its premature failure is a massive problem worldwide. The subsequent chapters consider the other materials used in construction, including metals, timber, masonry, plastics, glass, and bitumens.





 The final chapters discuss examples of composites, and adhesives and sealants, and then cover a number of potentially important technologies that are currently being developed. The book is intended for use both in the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as in other countries, so both metric and imperial units are discussed.This book covers the construction materials content for undergraduate courses in Civil Engineering, and related subjects. The aim of the method or presentation is to cover the




basic science, before moving on to a detailed analysis of the materials. The chapters on the science include mechanical, thermal, electrical, and transport properties of materials, and discuss the basic theory, as well as the relevance to applications in construction. The book then moves on to consider in detail each of the key materials, such as concrete and steel, and to discuss their properties, with reference to the basic science from the initial chapters. The book is written for the age of the Internet, in which facts are readily obtained from websites. It therefore




concentrates on demonstrating methods to obtain, analyse, and use information from a wide variety of sources. Improving materials offers great scope for energy saving and environmental gains. These gains should be considered at all stages of the design and specification process, so they are discussed through out the book.






The subject of construction materials is an area where there have been some very expensive mistakes, such as the use of High-alumina cement and calcium chloride in concrete, at times when there was ample published research to show that they should not have been used.
Therefore, in addition to Chapter 15 explaining how to write detailed reports on materials experiments, Chapter 16 includes details of methods of




assessment of published literature. Construction materials are continually being replaced with new products. This book is, therefore, intended to give guidance on the assessment of new materials, rather than simply concentrating on those that are currently available. This includes methods to assess and analyse data on physical properties such as strength, permeability, and thermal conductivity. Similarly, new standards are continually being produced, and are now immediately available for all engineers to download. This book seeks to show the principles of test methods, so new ones can be understood and applied. Materials cause many problems on site, and are a major area for improvement. There are,




however, few simple right answers. Students will find this different from, say, the study of structures, where calculations give just one correct value for the size of a structural member. When considering the correct solution for a problem with durability, there are many different possibilities that may be appropriate for different situations, and the aim of this book is to provide the basis for the choice.

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