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advanced composites in bridge construction and repair pdf

The superstructure and substructure of bridges can be made
from all fi ber-reinforced polymer (FRP), or from FRP composited with
concrete or steel. The different applications of FRP composite materials
in bridges are discussed. Common nondestructive evaluation/testing
(NDE/NDT) methods are reviewed for their potential application in
monitoring FRP bridges.

Smart FRP bars and cables can be used to
monitor the bridge, as well as help the bridge resist loads. A case study
of monitoring a bridge with an FRP stay-in-place formwork deck is
presented. A short commentary on likely future trends in FRP bridges
and monitoring techniques is provided. Sources of further information
related to FRP bridges and monitoring are listed at the end of this
chapter.